Stories

这是一个吃人的社会 | 包龙军

Apr 22nd, 2019发布

鉴于中国继续使用其恐怖体系指定居所监视居住(RSDL),用以消失异议人士,尤其是记者、律师、人权捍卫者、NGO工作者群体,以及几位佳士运动支持者也被该系统失踪。保护卫士将陆续发布一系列由经历过该系统失踪的受害人亲笔证词。其中一些人冒着巨大风险公开分享他们的经历,这些经历也将为未来受害者提供关键启发,帮助他们以更好的状态应对糟糕的状况,了解如何保护自己和他人。一系列这样的短篇亲笔讲述,连同分析该体系的章节,包括针对该制度最全面的法律分析,均可在《失踪人民共和国》书中读到。   这篇故事来自法律活动人士包龙军,他也是著名维权律师王宇的丈夫。2015年,他在北京机场被警方带走,当时正送十几岁的儿子去澳大利亚留学。包龙军和其妻分别在机场以及午夜在公寓的失踪,成为了709大抓捕的开端。他们二位将在接下来的半年中被以指定居所监视居住的名义单独监禁。以下是他的讲述。   其他已发布失踪受害者证词可在此处阅读: 谢燕益 (第二部分), 李方平, 寇延丁 彼得・达林   —   加强讯问   包龙军,男,1970年出生于内蒙古。一位长期的法律维权活动者。他与妻子人权律师王宇(第三章)以及失踪的人权律师王全璋都曾为锋锐律师事务所工作过。 包是2015年夏天针对人权律师的“709大抓捕”中第一位失踪的人士。他与儿子原本于北京机场准备登上去往他儿子即将就学的澳大利亚的飞机,而被警方从机场带走。当晚,警察也搜捕了他们在北京的家,并且将他的妻子绑架。他们夫妻都被置于指定居所监视居住,并持续被关押一年多后才最终获得自由。 —   这是一个吃人的社会 | 包龙军   如果你愿意想象,某些人能够怎样毫不犹豫、毫不踌躇而且毫无怜悯之心地,将极大的痛苦施加到跟他们同样的人身上,如果你想清楚地了解,人的心灵可以充溢什么样的痛苦、什么样的创伤、什么样的强烈憎恨,那就请您把这些笔记读一下吧。 ——希尔德烈斯《白奴》   早在“709大抓捕”事件之前,我就有了一些预感,与其说是预感,倒还不如说是征兆。大概是在2015年6月,天津一家不知名网站发出的一篇小文,竞相被人民网、新华网、央视网、正义网等官方媒体疯狂转载,很快成为其他各大网络媒体的头条。后来,就连手机新闻上,都滚动播出了这篇文笔低劣的小文。 这篇内容低俗、通篇谎言的文章,对我妻子王宇进行了全面的抹黑、污蔑。如说她“拿着假律师证四处活跃在敏感事件现场”、“她老家小区保安说她是个泼妇”、“拒不执行生效的法院判决”,等等。 其实,这篇文章如此传播后,当时不管是律师们,还是我一家,都清楚地明白了当局的用意,他们要对王宇动手了。但令我想象不到的是,事情竟来得这么快、这么猛、这么凶,而且,是先从抓捕我开始的。因为我做梦都没想过,我也会成为他们抓捕的目标。 7月9日,是我送儿子包卓轩去澳大利亚墨尔本读高中的日子。我们要乘坐的是9日凌晨1点多的飞机,在首都机场2号航站楼登机。我一直怀疑,是不是我的这次出国举动,加快了当局抓捕的步伐? 当时,我和儿子提着行李箱,走在空旷的候机楼里。正想进入国际候机厅,却被一名女机场工作人员拦住,要求我们出示护照,才能进入由简易胶合板隔开的国际候机厅。在被查验了护照后,通过通道就是一台安检机。过完这道安检,就是国际候机厅了。 我把行李箱和背包放在安检机上,安检后刚要走,迎面就走过来5、6个人,都穿着便装,问道:“是包龙军吧?”我的“嗯”声还没落下,他们就一拥而上,左右前后的围住了我。问话的人上前就架住了我的胳膊,我闻到了他身上浓浓的烟油味。那刺鼻的烟油味啊,总让我浮想到流氓、恶棍,我觉得只有那样的人才会如此堕落,才能浑身散发出如此的臭气。他随即掏出个本本,把那本本在我眼前晃了一下,说:“我们是北京市公安局的”,我仅听清了这么一句,后一句是啥我也没往心上去,就被他们拖拽着往大厅里面走去。我当时的想法是:“糟了,可能像张磊一样,被限制出境了”。惊恐中,回头一看,我那年幼的孩子,也被一左一右两人架着跟在我后面。一看这个我就担心起来,心想着孩子可别被误机。于是,我就大喊:“他还是个孩子,我们有什么事和孩子无关,他的护照在我兜里,我把护照给他,别耽误他上学”,但是,他们根本不理。 混乱中,我们走出了候机大厅,我看见外面停着数辆警车,警灯一闪一闪的,有人拿着摄像机在摄像,跟电视上看过的从国外引渡嫌犯回来的场景一样。随即,我被拖到一辆越野车旁,头上套上了一个黑头套,被塞进了车后座,一左一右上来两人,把我夹在了中间。这时我才明白,这不是限制我出境,分明是抓人啊!他们要干什么呢? 汽车开动了,出了机场,上了大道。我带着黑头套,只能模糊的感觉到两边昏黄的路灯,也分不清方向。由于紧张,一路上,我一句话也没有。我从没有过这种经历,也不知道他们要干什么,心里非常害怕。 车七转八拐的,我觉得走了好长时间,从大路又拐上了一条小路,最后,就进了一个院子,在一座建筑物前停了下来。接着,我被拉下了车。还是一边一个人架着我,提醒着我“台阶,抬脚,好,走”。最后,进到一间屋子里,我的黑头套被拿了下来。我举目一看,这是一间不大的房间,有一张小床,铺着蓝色的床罩,一张桌子,也罩着蓝色的桌布,还有一把蓝布包着的圈椅。四周的墙上覆盖着白色的泡沫板,至少有三个摄像头,照着屋中的每个角落。 正愣神间,进出中来了另外一拨人,其中一个年岁较大、相貌粗俗的家伙恶狠狠地命令我道:“把衣服脱掉!”我顺从的脱掉了T恤。“都脱了”,又是狠狠的一声。由于是夏季,我穿的本就少,我把大短裤脱下后,仅剩下裤头,我可怜巴巴的望着他,“脱了!”,吓得我赶紧把自己脱得精光。他指指床,“那下面有,自己拿”,我掀开被子,看到枕头下有几件衣物,包括黑色的T恤,短裤、袜子和一条深蓝色的灯笼裤,床边还放着一双拖鞋。我赶紧换上了他们为我准备的衣裤和拖鞋。看我穿戴完毕,那个家伙又凶巴巴的说:“站到墙角,不许乱动。”我乖乖的站到了他指给我的位置。有两个年轻人就一左一右站在了我前边,当时,我都没有心情注意这两个年轻人的外貌和穿着。那个凶狠的家伙这时就拎起我脱下的衣裤、鞋子,走了出去。 好像是就在我换衣裤的时候,门口就又站了两人,当那个凶巴巴的家伙拿着我的衣裤出去后,他俩就进到了屋内。看着我的两个年轻人就把桌子往屋中间搬了搬,又拿来两把椅子,随后走出去,并关上了门。“站好了!”进屋的两个人中一个年岁大的恶狠狠的对我来了一句,靠着墙的我赶紧又把身子直了直,这就开始了来到这里后的第一次讯问。后来我了解到,这是师徒俩,一个岁数大的,带着一个刚从中国公安大学博士毕业的徒弟。 “知道为什么抓你吗?你涉嫌危害国家安全。”这个开场白,让我的心沉重的跳了一下,也让我了解了自己的处境。也许是过于紧张,也许是整宿没睡的困乏,也许是时间的久远,这次讯问的时间长短及内容均记忆不大清了。我恍惚记得我陈述了参与维权的经过,我家的冤案,并要求他们把孩子的护照和行李还给孩子,别耽误孩子上学。记得好像他们间断的审讯了好几回,但一直没让我休息。在这个过程中,给过我一次早餐、一次午餐、一次晚餐,我也都没吃。在又审了一宿后,第二天,我开始少量进食。第三天晚上,借提审人员在夜半的又一次审讯停顿之机,因我实在支持不住,就问看守我的两个年轻人:“能躺床上睡会吗?”他俩点点头。于是我就躺倒在床上,沉沉地睡去了。 这一觉,不知睡了有多久。一醒来,看到窗外泛白,知道天亮了。再次见到审讯的人时,他们的态度就好多了,对我家的遭遇(王宇的冤案)表示了同情。并答应我把孩子的护照和行李还给孩子。我当时是多么的感激他们啊(谁能想到,这些都是欺骗)。 我记不清楚是第二天还是第三天了,他们拿出一套东西,说我涉嫌煽动颠覆国家政权,被“指定居所监视居住”,并要求我在相关文件上签字,被我拒绝了。同样还是没记清到底是第三天还是第四天,提审我的人突然多了一个,且操着浓重的天津口音。我当时还问过,“你天津的?”“嗯,天津市公安局的。”当时我还想,难道他们要追究我天津铁路运输法院的事情?想用天津铁路运输法院发生的事定我罪? 还是在那几天,他们把扣押我的物品一一登了记,并让我签字确认。后来,又从扣押物品里划去了我儿子的行李箱等记录,以证实他们对我说的“你儿子安全,东西都还给他了,不会影响他留学”的话。直到后来,当我一点一点的了解了儿子的遭遇后,对他们的欺骗,我才有了更深刻的认识。 总之,他们重点询问了我和二十余名律师还有两三名公民的交往过程,以及北京雁栖湖范木根案研讨会、王宇代理范木根案件经过、王宇会见吴淦过程、建三江事件以及我、刘四新等迎接王全璋律师从建三江被打回来后的那次聚餐、我去泰国培训、北京菜市口的事情(我声援何德普拆迁被打事件)、北京南站安检风波、北京房山法院安检冲突、锋锐律师事务所所详情、我为李昱函大姐维权的经过等等问题,我基本是按照自己的思路,在尽量不涉及他人的想法下,虚实结合的作了回答。但是,我心里很清楚,他们想用这些问题定我罪是却是不太可能的。 范木根案、王宇会见吴淦详情、泰国培训和手机电报培训等几个事件是他们特别关注的,不断地来回重复询问其详情。 关于我在泰国参加的那次培训,我回说,泰国培训就是电脑安全培训,我对这玩意不擅长,也没有好好学,主要是去游玩了。我电脑中有培训教程,你们自己找吧。是一个叫桐木的人给我和王宇发的邀请函,桐木估计是化名,我不确定是谁。他们嘲笑我说,不认识的人给你发个邀请函你就去,也不怕被人卖了?这之后,他们又多次详细的问及泰国培训一事,还说泰国培训就是“反华机构“维权网组织的。 我说范木根是王宇的当事人,我是王宇的助理,这个案件的研讨会,作为辩护人的王宇肯定要去,王宇当时有事,让我先去参加,她晚去了一天。谁组织的我不知道,接待的是一个高个女子,我不认识。参加的当然包括你们所说的李和平、李金星,还有周泽、迟夙生等著名律师,是纯粹的个案研讨。 王宇代理范木根案件的原因是我们当时在苏州有拆迁案件,范木根杀死强拆者当天,我们正好赶到苏州开庭,当地拆迁户都希望王宇能够介入,所以我们当晚就到了医院,签了委托。 他们还问了曹顺利案、以及该案如何接手代理的、再有就是说王宇要在香港召开新闻发布会一事,并问我是否认识滕彪,还提及伊力哈木案相关情况。我说不知道王宇去过香港,也不认识滕彪;再说曹顺利在羁押期间都死亡了,死了还怎么代理?伊力哈木案也只是在侦查阶段代理了一下,会见了几次,也就退出了。 从这些问话中,我隐隐感到了我妻子王宇面临的危机,于是我追问他们,我妻子王宇怎么样了?他们对我说,王宇没事,并以“向毛主席保证”的方式来证明他们所说是真。 我尽量不和他们争辩,也极力在不牵涉他人的情况下,以适合的方式回答他们的问题。 他们认为我较老实,没有对抗,态度较好,能够回答他们提出的问题,对我也就友善了起来。这样一来,看守们对我的态度也就并不凶狠了。   被压抑、恐惧、孤独时刻包围   在里面,我的生活是这样的:我住的是一间带卫生间的小屋,这间小屋通体都用白色海绵泡沫包着,就连卫生间的坐便器、洗漱台都是用白色海绵泡沫包裹的。屋里24小时亮着灯,窗帘沉重的垂着,很少有拉开的时候;我的早餐几乎没有换过样,都是粥、小馒、头和咸菜;中午是一荤一素两个菜加4个小馒头,晚饭和中午差不多,一星期中也能吃到一顿面条或两顿米饭;除提审外,我24小时被人盯着,一般是两人一班,一班大概两个小时(我能看他们腕上戴的专门配发的功能表,问他们时间,有的小伙子会给我看)。头七八天是频繁提审,除了提审,我基本不动地方,就在那个圈椅里一坐,那两个看守呢,则两手腹前交叠叉开双腿以非常标准的姿势一左一右地站在我前方不到一步远的地方紧紧盯着我。晚上睡觉时,他们也一个床头一个床尾地站在那盯着我,包括上厕所和洗漱,都是一个站在卫生间内,一个站在门口。他们中有一个兜里会揣着一个小本本,封皮上写着《双规人员情况登记本》,每隔十来分钟或我有什么举动了,他都要拿出来记录。除非提审,我的作息他们都有严格的时间规定。送水有专门人员,这个人好像有点特权,能和我搭讪两句。每天也有医务人员来我这里,给我量量血压,简单做一下身体检查。在这个小屋中,我一共呆了有七八天的时间。 有一天,北京的老预审(他们从来没给我亮明过自己的身份,姑且如此称之)突然跟我说,“老包,换个地方,这里要装修。”这样,我就又戴上了黑头套,被送到了另一处地方。我觉得就在原来地方的侧后院里,因为坐上车没走两分钟(车开的还很慢)。新换的地方是一个空旷的大房间,大概能有二十几平米,四墙也一样由白色泡沫包着,窗户上尽管没有窗帘,也同样以白色塑料泡沫遮挡。虽然时刻有两人盯防,但墙的上方还是至少有三四个摄像头同时在盯着你,有时我都能听见摄像头吱吱转动的声音。这个房间的特点就是总让人觉得有股阴森森的寒气,我本是个怕热不怕冷的人,但自进到这个房间,我就一直觉得自己经常冷得直打哆嗦。这间房间里没有卫生间,这就给洗漱或解手带来了很多不方便。而且,每次洗漱或解手,都要先经控制室批准,之后,要戴上黑头套,由看着我的两个人架着,离开房间,穿过走廊,到另一头的一个公共卫生间里去进行。 在这里,我知道了自己的编号是02。因为我经常能听他们用对讲机在讲,02洗漱,02提审等等。我还听到他们叫01提审、洗漱、04提审、洗漱、05提审、洗漱,等等,我觉得我这一层至少关押着4个人。而且有一天他们交接班打开房门时,我听到了李和平的声音,和平好像是在说:“松点、松点。”我想,和平肯定是在上卫生间时,要求架着他的两个人松一点架着他。我当时真有一种激动的感觉,这么久了,终于听着点朋友的声音了。要知道,在这个地方,除了预审,你不能和任何人说话,也没有人和你说话(就算送水的,也就是简单的两句问话)。 我很讨厌他们提审,一听到外面搬动椅子的声音,我立马就紧张起来,因为我不知道他们要问到我哪些事情,如何回答会不伤及他人。所以,每回一开门,值班人员说“提讯”时,我都会显出不安的样子来。只有当他们坐到我对面,聊一会后,我才能放松下来。尽管我讨厌提审,但要是他们隔几天不来,就又让我担起了十分的心来,满腹怀疑的想这是怎么了?又出什么事了?这时,真的希望有人陪着你说说话了,而不管这人是什么人!真的,这就是那里的真实感受!那里就是这样一种环境,那种压抑、那种恐惧、那种孤独,时时刻刻包围着你,在那里那真是度日如年,天天想的都是什么时候能出去,快点离开那个鬼地方。   “你妻子在外面呢,不用担心”   转到新地方后,提审就相对少了。刚开始时,是对前几天做的笔录重新再做一遍,后来有的时候连着三五天都不见他们来。北京那个岁数大的老预审和我说:“老包,你没事,过几天就放了。”有一次,他见我洗了替换下来的衣服晾在他们提审时用的桌子上,还说:“洗它干嘛,过几天就回去了。”这些话,成了我的祈盼。然而一天天过去了,一个月过去了,却一点放的迹象都没有。在一次提审后,我问他:“你不说这几天就放我吗?”他说:“领导不说放,我有什么办法。”这段时间,我也能相对活动活动了。我不再是长时间地坐在椅子上,我会经常的要求走走。这样,两个看守会让出一段距离,一边一个站着,我就在他们中间走动。在他们中间走时,我总想起伏契克那篇《二六七号牢房》里那句著名的话:“从门口到窗户七步,从窗户到门口七步。” 但是,我不像伏契克,我可既到不了门口,又到不了窗户,我只能在两个人中间来来回回地走。我每天总是长时间的在那儿来回走,就像那困在笼中的狼,但我不能像狼一样,边走还能边嚎叫两声,因为他们不让我出声。别说出声,我在无聊至极的时候嘴唇翕动着背诗,都会被他们禁止,“嘴唇不许动”,他们说。 没有书报、没有电视,在这封闭、孤寂的环境中,我一呆又是40余天。但是,在空闲时间里,我会搜肠刮肚的背诵记忆深处的诗词。可更让我挂念的,还是我尚年幼的孩子以及卧床三年的老父。孩子出国了吗?老爸谁在照料?老妈身体还好吗?有时我也向他们询问我儿子的事,他们都推说不知道,还说:“你妻子在外面呢,她会照料好的,你不用担心。” 当然,那也是个谎言。 这40余天中后来的日子里,他们也没闲着,要我提供手机密码,一再要求下,我给了他们。我清清楚楚的记得,在我给他们手机密码的那天晚上,外面电闪雷鸣,那个雷呀,仿佛要把我住的那个楼都给劈了,打得那个凶,我觉得是我来北京十年来最厉害的一次。后来,他们从我手机上恢复了我的部分电报(telegram)内容,包括我和薛孟春关于支持香港占中运动的内容。 他们要了解我做过的所有事情,要知道我所有的底细,包括私密的内容、以及和他人的交往,都要向他们公开。在他们眼里,我有义务向他们诉说你过往的一切,我不能有任何的隐瞒和个人隐私,而他们则好像完全有权利如此似的。仿佛他们就是我的主人,我则是他们豢养的一只猪仔,他们可以随心所欲的支配我、处置我。看到他们什么都有权了解的样子,我的愤怒已经无以复加。但我只在心里暗骂,表面上,我还表示服从,并与他们天花乱坠的闲聊。 这个地方,时常有些奇事发生,当我百无聊赖的安静下来时,连着好几天常能听到不知从何处传来的女人的哭声,呜呜的,声音时断时续,不很真切,可却扰得我心神不宁。尽管我听出那不是王宇的声音,但是由于心里不安,我就问来审我的人,究竟是谁在哭?是王宇吗?他们对我说,哪有人哭,你听岔了,又说王宇没事,并说,“你媳妇你还不知道,她还会哭?”我也就不能确定了。但我又听到他们叨咕,“看来这里封闭不严呐。” 直到有一天,两个看守给我戴上了黑头套拉我出去,我当时想,难道是要放我了?可是,七转八拐,我又被带进了一间小屋。这是一个重新进行了装修的房间,我觉得比我刚来时呆的那个房间还要小,墙上已不再是裸露的白色泡沫,而是被深红色皮革包裹上了。满屋子都是新装修完的呛鼻气味。送水的进来对我说,“这回漂亮了吧?” 我回答:“都是牢笼,漂亮不漂亮能怎地。” 连着三天,我的三个预审又天天都来提审,其中主要的还是王宇会见吴淦的细节以及是否向外界发布了案件信息。对于王宇会见吴淦一事,我仍坚持说,就会见了那一回,没发任何东西。 搞不明白的是,在一次询问完后,先前态度一直较好的北京那个老预审竟突然恶狠狠的对我说:“关于唐吉田,你知道的每一件事都要跟我说,除非在公共汽车上偶然碰上的不用说外,你们每一次吃饭、聚会都要和我说,包括谈话内容。”他说完这些话走后,竟八、九天没再来。隔了八、九天后,他带着他的小徒弟又来了,却没做笔录,仅仅对我说:“老包,你没有犯罪行为,但你有违法的地方,违反《治安管理法》也是违法呀。你出去后,做事别太较劲了,也劝劝你爱人别较劲。”说完这些,他俩就走了。 我突然又充满了希望。 谁知,几天后,也就是九月八号晚,他又来了,这次不但有他,还有一大帮其他的人。他一见我就说:“老包,再换个地方。” 我还是没能回家,坐车走了很远的路,来到了天津的一个基地。北京的两个月过去了,我又迎来了天津四个月的“指定场所监视居住”的生活。 天津的所谓“基地”也是新装修的,一样的新装修的刺鼻气味,一样的皮革包装,甚至他的床、桌子都用皮革海绵包裹了起来。唯一不同的是它的厕所不再是坐便器,而变成了蹲便器。这次我的住所在一楼,我能清楚地听到外面清脆的鸟鸣和嘈杂的人声(但没多久,他们为了遮挡,竟在窗外焊上了一个铁罩)。来到这里后没有两天,他们就撤掉了我们的圈椅,改为一个小圆墩。坐小圆墩很不舒服,没有倚靠的地方,胳膊也没有扶手可以搭。所以,在这个墩上坐久了会很累。而且,天津的小武警看守更严格,他们好像都是新手,也就显得更死板、更循规守矩。我的活动空间比照北京时小了很多,他们其中有邪恶的人,甚至会规定我走的时间。当然,也得分人,他们当中也还是有善良的人的,对你相对友好。 我的预审都换成了天津的(其中有一个是在北京时就一直跟着的那个人),头几天里,主要是对以前做过了多遍的笔录再次重复做,尽管问的更细,甚而还加上诱导、文字游戏等小动作,但我都理智的应对了。我的原则是,以前怎么样的就按以前那个来,我不再多说。 有一次,我曾生气的问他们:“你们这是监视居住吗?法律允许在办案地点实施监视居主吗?你们抓人依据是什么?是不是要有基本的犯罪事实的认定?这么多月都过去了,你们掌握了我什么罪证?还有什么理由这么羁押我?” 这段时间,我的睡眠质量更差了。我一直就有睡眠障碍,患有轻度的神经衰弱症,在北京时,我一天都睡不了多久,主要是靠坐在圈椅中打盹来恢复。到了天津,一是他们撤走了圈椅,二是他们在非睡觉时间连眼睛都不让你闭。有时,我坐在那小圆墩上,靠墙刚闭上眼睛,小武警就会提醒:“别闭眼,不许睡觉。”甚至有的小武警连你身体靠墙都不让,“坐直身子”,他们命令道。我晚上睡不好,白天就乏的厉害,又不让睡,我就要求走走。但就是走,有的小武警还要限制你时间、限制你距离。有的限制距离非常窄的,你迈第二步都会撞上他。这段时间,我会和每天都来检查身体的医生谈,让他们给我配一些治疗神经衰弱的药。后来他们给我服用过一段时间安眠药,我的感觉却是更睡不着了。 而且,洗漱也很不方便。起先的半个多月,一次澡都没让洗,说是没热水。我穿的衣裤,还是在北京时身上穿的那套,来了一个月了都没换。尤其是短裤,脏的实在没样子了,引发了我的前列腺炎。经多次要求,他们才给了我新的衬衣衬裤、短裤、袜子。一星期也让洗一次澡了。 我明显的变瘦了,我洗澡时,一个小武警悄悄对我说,你刚来时看着很壮,现在不行了。是啊,这是一个什么样的环境啊?吃不好,睡不香,时刻有人盯着你,就连上厕所,都要在两人的紧盯下方便,甚至还要验一下你到底排泄了还是没排泄(小武警悄悄和我说过,我们这里有人不老实,一站就让他站一天,站得那人用上厕所大解来休息,一蹲就不起来。所以,他们要防着长蹲的人)。在那里,干什么都要先打报告,甚至连你咽个唾沫都要报告。我对这个要求实在忍无可忍,要求见他们领导,他们一个排长摸样的人来了,说:“咽唾沫打报告是为了你好,是怕你噎着。” 这期间,在晚上睡觉时,我曾数次被噩梦惊醒,激灵的一下,我甚至都能从床上蹦起来,让看守我的小武警大为惊慌。 残酷的环境让我更加思念亲人、想念我的朋友们。 但打击最大的,还是我儿子的事件。   “一个好消息,一个坏消息,你先听哪个”   那是在那里过了一个多月后的一天晚上,我迷迷糊糊,半睡不醒的样子(长时间以来我一直是这么一个状况),突然就进来一个小武警和看守我的两个小武警说,“让他起来,提审。”晚上提审,这是很久没有过的事了(我只在被抓的头七八天里,夜夜被提审)。我预感到有什么重大的事了,一点困意都没有了,心里很紧张。 我让他们拿来我的衣裤,每到上床休息时,脱下的衣裤要由看守人员拿出去,放到门外整理箱内,他们这里的这些小规定很多。我穿好了,就坐在那等,一会,我的两个预审就来了,捧着他们那台电脑,拿着一个小摄像头(这也是往常的装备)。那个史姓预审对我说:“老包,你不一直问我你儿子的消息吗,现在有了,一个好消息,一个坏消息,你先听哪个?” 一听是儿子的事,我头轰的一下子,什么都不清晰了。我听到他断断续续的讲,我儿子确实没去成澳大利亚,但是,在天津市公安局的努力下,去了乌兰浩特一中,上了重点班。他还问我,“这是不是好事?乌兰浩特一中,在当地是很难进的,你是不是该感谢天津市公安局?” 我记得我当时说,我为什么要谢你天津市公安局?是你们不让我儿子留学,墨尔本和乌兰浩特哪里更好你不知道吗?你们凭什么剥夺我儿子出国求学的权利?等等。接着,我问他坏消息是什么。 他说,你儿子被不明身份的人拐走了,是境内外的反华人士或组织干的。他们带着你儿子偷渡到了缅甸,被缅甸警方遣送回来,并拿出了一份云南省公安厅的协查文件,上面的犯罪嫌疑人栏里,有我儿子的信息和照片。这是事隔3个月后我第一次知道儿子的信息,又见到了儿子的照片,是那种每个进看守所的人都被要求的站在标尺下的照片,我当时眼泪就下来了。“你不知道他们带你儿子走的那条道有多危险,是一条贩毒通道”,他们说。 我整整哭了三天。我是那样的思念孩子,总是想起他小时候和我在一起的景象,想起了我对他的几次粗暴,一想这个,我就总是谴责自己。每想一回,我就哭一回。我总是幻想着抱他、亲他,我发誓,以后再也不会骂他、打他。“你们不知道,我儿子有多么善良,每回和我出门见到乞丐,都会和我要一块钱给乞丐”,我和看守的小武警说。我不再走动,总是坐在那流泪。 我又深刻的怀疑我妻子王宇是否真如他们所说的“没事”了,我问他们,我儿子出这么大事王宇在干嘛?她没跟着一起走吗?是谁带走的我儿子?他们说不清楚,但又说,“王宇我们猜有可能也被抓了,因为很多笔录都涉及她。” 几天后,他们又频繁的来提审了。问我认不认识唐志顺(第九章)、幸清贤?我说不认识。我当时还想,草根(唐志顺)都被抓了?他是因为什么呢? 又过了七八天,他们拿来了一沓纸,给我看了,都是我电报上的内容,包括薛孟春建的有我在内的一个电报群的相关信息,我和薛孟春的聊天记录等等。我说,就电报的内容你们写了我签字就得了,不就是为给在支持香港占中运动中被抓的朋友寻找律师、支付律师费的事嘛。他们指责我,说我的行为是接受境外资金支持危害国家安全的犯罪行为。我向他们指出:1、声援占中的人士都是以涉嫌寻衅滋事为名被抓捕的,而寻衅滋事也不是什么危害国家安全方面的犯罪;2、钱是薛孟春给我的,薛孟春是北京一家公司的副总,不是外国人,我不存在接受境外资金一说;3、我代为支付的是律师费,是用于打官司的,并不是给某人用来危害国家安全的,没有法律规定律师代理案件就是危害国家安全。 从什么时候开始,代理案件也成危害国家安全了? 这段时间,看管明显严了,又换上三组比较邪性的小武警。也不让我走动了,我说那我站站行不?行,但站起来就别想坐下。我口渴,想喝水,小武警说“领导说了,为了你的身体健康,以后不能让你喝凉水。”可是也没有热水啊!渴得我,一到吃饭时,就拼命喝水。 我现在还记得一个小武警对我说的一句话:“服从便是一切。” 在天津基地,为我们送水、送饭的人是固定的,有三个人。后来,到了看守所后我才知道,这三人是天津第一、第二看守所的管教。其中二看有两人,一看有一人。一看来的那个人年岁较大,态度和蔼,为人也随便些,四个月中,为我们理发的就是他。二看那两个人,年轻一点的叫李超,是后来我转到天津第二看守所后我所在的C8监室的管教。另外那个我一直也不知道他叫啥名,不过后来在二看放风时,我又见过他两回,我和他打招呼,他也不太理。但是在监居时,他倒和我聊过天,“知道为什么一直不放你吗?就因为你不如实说!你要是一五一十的把知道的事情都说了,还能来这?”有一天他送完水后这样和我搭讪。一看那位年岁大的也在送水或理发空闲时和我聊天,并安慰我说,“有没有罪法院说的算,你要相信政府。”   “对你们不适用法”…

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Reports

The use of solitary confinement in RSDL as a method of torture

Apr 11th, 2019发布

With the detention and placement into ‘Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location’ (RSDL) of foreign citizens by China in several high-profile cases, such as Michael Kovrig, Michael Spavor and Yang Hengjun, it merits a closer look at the use of solitary confinement within China’s RSDL system, and if and if so why, it constitutes torture under international law, in particular the Convention Against Torture, one of the few key human rights treatises both signed and ratified by China. Due to the detention of foreign citizens often, but not always, done either by China’s Ministry of State Security (MSS) (as in…

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News

Missing Chinese Supreme Court Judge makes Forced TV Confession

Feb 22nd, 2019发布

CCTV13 today (2019-02-22) aired the 50th known Forced TV Confessions since Xi Jinping came to power. CCTV13’s news program Focus On (共同关注) aired a confession in their evening news broadcast featuring Wang Linqing (王林清), a judge on China’s Supreme Court that went missing on January 3, 2019, and possibly placed into Liuzhi under China’s new National Supervision Commission.   The broadcast http://rsdlmonitor.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/2019-02-22-CCTV13-Wang-Linqing.mp4 The broadcast also viewable on CCTV website here.   Updated, latest database (bilingual) on China’s use of Forced TV Confessions can be downloaded as Excel sheet here.   Brief background on missing judge On December 26, 2018, an Intellectual -…

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News

New developments regarding Chinese state TV broadcaster CCTV/CGTN

Feb 21st, 2019发布

Standards complaint to Ofcom for broadcasting known lies and intentional distortions On February 28, 2019, a complaint will be filed by Safeguard Defenders to the UK’s TV regulator Ofcom, concerning systematic violations of the UK’s rule concerning due impartiality and due accuracy in TV broadcasts (standards section five), calling on Ofcom to investigate the broadcast of known and provable lies and intentional distortions in newscasts. The full complaint uses eight different broadcasts by CCTV/CGTN to show the systematic nature of these violations.   >> EMBARGOED COPY OF THE DOCUMENT AVAILABLE FOR INTERESTED MEDIA PARTIES. Make a request at Info@SafeguardDefenders.com   Update…

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Reports News

Hidden in Detention

Feb 13th, 2019发布

Hidden in Detention   How the CCP disappears its critics, even after arrest   This brief paper looks into how critics are effectively disappeared after arrest, while awaiting trial, by police’s use of false names for those placed into pre-trial detention, done by police sometimes with, sometimes without, the detention centers’ knowledge. Download as pdf: Hidden in Detention – Vanishing Suspects   Chinese human rights lawyer Wang Quanzhang (王全璋) disappeared not once, not twice, but three times. First, at the start of the 709 crackdown, on July 9, 2015, in which hundreds of human rights defenders around the country were detained,…

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News

International Civil Society Calls for China Human Rights Resolution Ahead of UN Meeting

Jan 30th, 2019发布

At upcoming session of Human Rights Council, States should pass resolution to address human rights violations in the People’s Republic of China   Your Excellency, The past year was marked by vitally important monitoring and review of China’s human rights situation by the United Nations human rights system. The upcoming session of the UN Human Rights Council provides a key opportunity to reinforce the issues raised over the last year, and express collective concern about worsening rights abuse in China and the government’s failure to follow through on its obligations and commitments. Considerable information has been available in the last…

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News

Peter Dahlin files complaint against CCTV4 in the UK

Jan 7th, 2019发布

On Monday, January 7, Peter Dahlin, the director of Safeguard Defenders, filed a complaint with Ofcom, the UK’s Broadcast regulator. The complaint is a standard Fairness and Privacy complaint against CCTV-4 which broadcasts in the UK. The full complaint also includes a section against breaches against standards, and include an ‘autopsy’ of lies and intentional distortion of facts made, many time knowingly, by CCTV, both in them helping the Ministry of State Security agents extract and record the “confession as well as in extensive post-production before the newscast.   Fairness and Privacy complaint China Central Television channel 4 (CCTV-4)  …

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News

Statement on Wang Quanzhang’s indictment, by Peter Dahlin

Dec 26th, 2018发布

By Peter Dahlin The indictment of Wang Quanzhang has circulated, with one of three points of prosecution resting on Wang’s work with what Chinese prosecutor calls “中国维权紧急援助组”, also known in English as ‘China Action’. His work for cases handled while working for Feng Rui law firm constitutes the other two points.   The co-founder of that small group, Peter Dahlin, is likewise the founder of today’s Safeguard Defenders (which also run RSDLmonitor.com), and one of several people who from ‘China Action’ and controls its legacy, including managing all its old documentation. With that in mind, Peter Dahlin today issued this…

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Opinion News

BBC Journalists Union Condemns China’s Broadcaster CCTV

Dec 22nd, 2018发布

BBC Journalists Union Condemns China’s Broadcaster CCTV and Supports Ofcom Complaint on Forced Confessions   BBC World News AGM: Chapel Meeting – Friday 21st December 2018 1.30pm, Richard Dimbleby Room, B1 NBH   Referral of China Central Television to OFCOM BBC World News NUJ Chapel notes that China Central Television (CCTV) is opening its largest media hub outside China in Chiswick, employing over 300 staff. According to Reporters Without Borders, China’s state and privately-owned media are under the Communist Party’s close control, while foreign reporters are encountering more and more obstacles. More than 50 journalists and bloggers are currently detained. This NUJ Chapel…

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RSDLmonitor News

Further revelations about CCTV’s use of Forced TV Confessions

Dec 18th, 2018发布

Following continued research into the phenomenom of Forced TV Confessions (FCs), and in particular research undertaken in collaboration with Swedish journalist and social commentator Kurdo Baksi on the true extent of how these are broadcast outside China, through its various international Channels, this brief post has been drawn up to highlight the key points, and offer an updated version of the earlier database on Forced TV Confessions. New revelations range from which international channels are used, or not used, to broadcast, either directly or repackaged, such FCs internationally, to the companies that airs them abroad – from the United Kingdom…

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RSDLmonitor News

CCTV need be tasked with following existing rules for broadcasting

Nov 26th, 2018发布

On Friday, November 23, 2018, Safeguard Defenders organized a press conference in London for a group of 45 invited media, diplomatic and NGO representatives, outlining a complaint filed against China Central Television (CCTV) and its international arm China Global Television (CGTN) with the United Kingdom’s broadcast regulator. The press conference was hosted by Safeguard Defenders’ Peter Dahlin, and British citizen, former Reuters journalist Peter Humphrey. Alongside presentation of the official complaint, filed with Ofcom at 11:25 that morning, it also constituted the launch event for Safeguard Defenders new book, edited by Peter Dahlin.   Peter Dahlin explains the reality of…

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RSDLmonitor News

Press Conference, London, on CCTV and their international operations

Nov 20th, 2018发布

On November 23, a press conference will be held in London, the United Kingdom, co-hosted by Peter Humphrey and Peter Dahlin, related to operations by China’s state media broadcaster China Central Television (CCTV), and its international arm China Global Television (CGTN). To avoid disturbances, the event is closed, and attendance is by RSVP only.  A small number of seats remain for interested parties. Contact Info -at- safeguarddefenders -dot- com for more information.   The press conference will focus on CCTV’s operations in the UK, and its multiple breaches of the UK Broadcasting code, especially in the broadcast of the two…

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RSDLmonitor Reports

CCTV complaint to OFCOM

Nov 19th, 2018发布

Below is the official, redacted, version of the full complaint filed against CCTV for its operations in the United Kingdom, with the Office of Communications (Ofcom) on November 23, 2018.   Ofcom is tasked by law to regulate media broadcasters in the United Kingdom, and to implement the Broadcasting code. CCTV and CGTN both holds broadcast licenses in the UK. The broadcast of a forced TV confession by Iranian State TV broadcaster in the UK led to the TV broadcaster being investigated and found guilty, and subsequently, had their license to broadcast in the UK revoked. Download complaint as PDF here: OfCom…

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Reports News

Book release: Trial By Media

Nov 12th, 2018发布

On November 23, 2018, Safeguard Defenders will release its next book, Trial By Media – China’s new show trials, and the global expansion of Chinese media, edited by Peter Dahlin. The release of this book follows the release of an earlier book, the acclaimed The People’s Republic of the Disappeared, edited by Michael Caster, which exposed the realities behind China’s use of secret prisons through RSDL, and the organization’s groundbreaking research report, Scripted and Staged, into China’s use of forced televised confessions.   If Scripted and Staged provided a peek into the reality behind the use of forced TV confessions,…

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Opinion News

Immediately and Unconditionally Release Huang Qi

Nov 3rd, 2018发布

China: Immediately and Unconditionally Release Huang Qi & Ensure Access to Prompt Medical Care for all Detained Human Rights Defenders A group of 14 NGO’s call for Huang Qi’s release and access to medical care. 2018-11-05 — Chinese authorities must immediately and unconditionally release citizen journalist and human rights activist Huang Qi, a group of 14 NGOs said on November 5, 2018.   Huang Qi (黄琦), the founder and director of 64 Tianwang Human Rights Center, is not receiving adequate medical care in detention and his health has seriously deteriorated, according to his lawyer who visited him on October 23.…

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Reports News

Incommunicado detention must go, say UN experts

Oct 24th, 2018发布

Background: On May 16, 2018, a joint submission was made by Network of Chinese Human Rights Defenders (CHRD), International Service for Human Rights (ISHR), the Rights Practice, and Safeguard Defenders, to relevant Special Procedures of OHCHR concerning China’s use of Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, especially the use of RSDL – ‘residential surveillance at a designated location’. On August 24, 2018, ten such Special Procedures, including the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention and the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearance, issued a joint letter to China challenging its use of RSDL, urging China to repeal the system, and noted that the use of RSDL…

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Reports News

Bảo vệ kỹ thuật số thực hành

Oct 20th, 2018发布

  Hướng dẫn bảo mật kỹ thuật số thực hành phiên bản tiếng Việt trên RSDLmonitor.com Bảo vệ kỹ thuật số thực hành là một tài liệu hướng dẫn tự học về an ninh mạng cho những người hoạt động trong môi trường thù địch. Tài liệu này xác định các rủi ro và cá pháp dựa trên hành vi của người sử dụng. Giải pháp công nghệ chỉ là thứ cấp.c giải pháp, và không giống như các tài liệu khác, tập trung vào các biện Tải xuống WIN10 / Android Tải xuống OSX / iPhone Phiên bản tiếng Anh…

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Reports News

Practical Digital Protection

Oct 15th, 2018发布

Note: The self-study manuals developed under the name Practical Digital Protection will be hosted on RSDLmonitor while practicaldigitalprotection.com undergoes major re-design. Practical Digital Protection is a full, self-study styled, manual on increasing the security and protection for those at risk in hostile environments. The manual identifies risks and solutions, and unlike other materials, is focused on behavioral measures and issues. Technological solutions is at best secondary. For Win10 and Android systems, download this. For OSX and iPhone, download this.   The English language version has been made available as reference. It is entirely based on the Chinese language version for…

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People News

Early use of Forced TV Confessions against the New Citizens Movement

Oct 1st, 2018发布

Through Safeguard Defenders (RSDLmonitor’s parent organization) release of Scripted and Staged (EN and CN versions here), on China’s use of Forced TV Confessions as a tool to undermine the right to a fair trial, and through the continued publication of more material on these televised confessions by RSDLmonitor, the collaboration of Chinese state-media with police has become clear. The release of a small database (CN edition here) on these Forced TV Confessions have further amplified the systematic nature of how state-media is used to broadcast, and often extract and produce, such televised confessions.   However, tentative research indicates that the…

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News

Statement on rejection of appeal by Tashi Wangchuk

Aug 25th, 2018发布

Statement on rejection of appeal for Tashi Wangchuk, by Safeguard Defenders, Human Rights Watch, PEN America, Free Tibet, Human Rights in China, International Service for Human Rights, International Tibet Network, and Tibet Society UK. 23 August 2018 China blocks release of jailed Tibetan rights activist Tashi Wangchuk We are appalled to learn today that a Chinese court has rejected the appeal of imprisoned Tibetan language advocate Tashi Wangchuk. [1] This once again demonstrates that the Chinese Communist Party and justice system are content, before the eyes of the world, to force an innocent man to endure prison despite him never…

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Reports News

Forced TV Confessions database

Aug 6th, 2018发布

UPDATED: An updated version of the database on China’s use of Forced TV Confessions is now available. Easier, better looking and more informative, the spreadsheet database can be downloaded below. Bilingual (dual-tab) excel. — Following China’s continued use of Forced TV Confessions, most recently with journalist Chen Jieren and his brothers, and the increasingly political nature of those cases where these confessions are forced out of victims, and following Safeguard Defenders groundbreaking report on the reality behind these TV appearances, RSDLmonitor is now making available its full database on Forced TV Confessions, going back to 2013 – the year these…

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Reports News

New Report: from CENTRAL CONTROL to NATIONAL SUPERVISION

Aug 5th, 2018发布

A new report – the most extensive information presented – on the new National Supervision Commission, the law it’s based on, and the custodial system for detention it establishes – Liuzhi – now out.   Founded in early 2018, the National Supervision Commission (NSC) and its corresponding detention system, Liuzhi, remains concerningly opaque. However, based on what is known about its predecessor, the Shuanggui system, and about Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL), both of which Liuzhi is based on, some clarity on what to be expected with the implementation of the National Supervision Commission can be offered. Download…

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Reports News

RSDL round-up for June

Jun 27th, 2018发布

This is a monthly round-up of all news related to Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL) in China. It includes updates on victims, legal developments and commentary on China’s legalized practice of “Enforced Disappearances.” June 4 Tiananmen anniversary Political re-education in Xinjiang Forced confessions: Vietnam and Gui Minhai 709 update: Wang Yu’s passport, lawyers’ licenses and new movie on 709 wives   June 4 Tiananmen anniversary This month, June 4 marked 29 years since the Tiananmen Square crackdown. Despite heavy rains, more than 100,000 people in Hong Kong remembered the massacre at the annual candlelight vigil. A growing localist sentiment meant…

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Opinion News

Adrian Zenz speaks about mass disappearances in Xinjiang

Jun 25th, 2018发布

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NbvSdR0y9Bc In recent months news that China is rounding up Muslims (mostly Uighurs) en masse in its northwestern Xinjiang region to political re-education camps has shocked many, although the story is still massively under-reported. It is estimated that hundreds of thousands of people have been disappeared in a campaign with absolutely no due process. Victims can be held indefinitely. No one is safe. Even Uighur celebrities – a footballer and a pop singer – have been snatched. Dr. Adrian Zenz is one of several scholars hunting down information on this secretive practice. He uses local government documents – construction bids,…

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Reports News

The evolving nature of China’s public confessions

Jun 21st, 2018发布

While attention for the past few years has been focused on the shocking footage of pre-trial detainees being forced to confess on China’s state broadcaster CCTV, including that of many foreigners, China has been opening up new forms of forced public confessions. This can only be interpreted as an attempt to normalize and popularize the forced public confession in China despite it being reminiscent of the excesses of the Mao era and a stark move away from any pretense at a rule of law.   Confessions are being disseminated across a number of platforms from court Weibo accounts to TV…

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Reports News

China’s forced TV confessions report now out in Chinese

Jun 18th, 2018发布

We are pleased to announce that the only in-depth study of China’s illegal TV confessions, Scripted and Staged, is now available in Chinese, allowing readers for the first time access to the testimony of Chinese victims in their original language. This ground-breaking report, exposes the lies and the abuse behind China’s illegal practice of coercing detainees to confess on television and calls on governments to take steps to pressure China to abandon this practice, and put into place safeguards so that detainees are protected against such abuse in the future. Download new Chinese version of Scripted and Staged here Download original…

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Stories People

Wang Yu tells story of son’s abuse while she was in RSDL

May 31st, 2018发布

  Chinese human rights lawyer Wang Yu’s (王宇) son was just 16 years old when the police used a long, thick stick and threatened “to bash his brains out” to get him to sign a statement. He weighed less than 50kg, a small and skinny youth. He was surrounded by police officers, but they had still handcuffed and shackled him. Bao Zhuoxuan (包卓轩) had been trying to flee China, but police had caught him in Myanmar. Three months earlier his father had been snatched in front of his eyes at the airport. The teenage Bao was on his way to…

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Reports News

RSDL round-up for May

May 29th, 2018发布

This is a monthly round-up of all news related to Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL) in China. It includes updates on victims, legal developments and commentary on China’s legalized practice of “Enforced Disappearances.”   New RSDL cases CCP goes after lawyers’ licenses First death in Liuzhi is reported New evidence on Xinjiang’s political education camps Pressure mounts for Liu Xia’s release as she says she wants to die Two trials — Tashi Wangchuk and Qin Yongmin   New RSDL cases At the end of last month, it was confirmed that well-known Hunanese rights activist Zhu Chengzhi (朱承志), who had…

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Reports

Vietnamese edition of Practical Digital Protection manual

May 28th, 2018发布

Hướng dẫn bảo mật kỹ thuật số thực hành phiên bản tiếng Việt   Nội dung này được lấy từ một trang thân thiết của chúng tôi, practicaldigitalprotection.com. This content is from our sister site; practicaldigitalprotection.com.   Một phiên bản tiếng Việt của cẩm nang Bảo mật Kỹ thuật số Thực hành hiện đã đăngtải và có thể tải xuống từ website practicaldigitalprotection.com. Những gì người đọc thấy trong cẩm nang hướng dẫn này là những biện pháp giúp cho nhiều người được tự do đi lại thay vì bị giam giữ trong lao tù. Những giải pháp an toàn mạng này không phải là lý…

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Reports News

Battered and Bruised: a new report on torture in China

May 22nd, 2018发布

In the spring of 2017, a number of lawyers got together in China to investigate how they could better represent clients who had been tortured. They wanted to explore how they could give them real help. Out of this came a practical manual – sponsored by our parent NGO Safeguard Defenders — on feasible actions lawyers in China could take that would have a real impact and counter the rampant use of torture in the country.   The lawyers had the freedom to explore this subject in any way they wanted. Their mission was to draw up a manual based…

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Opinion

‘If I lose my freedom’: preemptive resistance to forced confessions in China

May 17th, 2018发布

Last month, lawyer Yu Wensheng (余文生) and activist Zhen Jianghua (甄江华) , both essentially in incommunicado detention, reportedly “sacked” their legal counsel. These are lawyers they pre-appointed in case they were detained, or trusted family members had hired. Sound suspicious? It’s well known that police will coerce detainees, especially human rights defenders who know how the law works, to revoke their right to a lawyer of their own choice. We know that police threatened them or faked their signatures because before they were detained both prepared statements to say they would never willingly give up their own lawyers: Lawyer Yu…

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RSDLmonitor News

First death reported in new Liuzhi system

May 9th, 2018发布

Screenshot from aboluowang.com. The first death under liuzhi (留置), a new custodial system in China over Communist Party members and government workers that is completely outside judicial control was reported on 8 May by Caixin. [The story has since been removed]. A cached version can be read here.   RSDLmonitor press release on first death in Liuzhi   The brief article described how Chen Yong (陈勇), 45, from Nanping city in Fujian province had been detained for 26 days under liuzhi on a bribery case when the family received notification that he was dead. They said his torso was covered…

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Reports News

RSDL round-up for April

Apr 30th, 2018发布

This is a monthly round-up of all news related to Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL) in China. It includes updates on victims, legal developments and commentary on China’s legalized practice of “Enforced Disappearances.” Before we start this month’s round-up, a quick recap of what RSDLMonitor has been doing: On 10 April we released our in-depth report, Scripted and Staged: behind the scenes of China’s forced TV confessions  which attracted intense media interest, and has sparked a discussion on how journalists should ethically report this human rights abuse here (CDT)  and in this piece by Swedish scholar Magnus Fiskesjö here…

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Reports News

What’s happened since Scripted and Staged, our report on China’s TV confessions came out?

Apr 23rd, 2018发布

Before covering the huge press response to our new report, Scripted and Staged: behind the scenes of China’s forced TV confessions, a quick update on some follow up actions Safeguard Defenders have taken.   A letter to the Swedish Foreign Ministry On 16 April, six days after the release of the report, we asked the Swedish Foreign Ministry for a response since two of the victims – Gui Minhai and Peter Dahlin – are Swedish citizens. Mr. Gui, who has given three confessions, is still disappeared in China. To this request we added a question: “CGTN, which operates in the…

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RSDLmonitor Reports News

Enforced disappearances and torture: our submission on RSDL to the UN

Apr 13th, 2018发布

China has said it will take action to stop enforced disappearances and torture yet both are still endemic largely because of the 2013 introduction of Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL) – a custodial system that lends itself to both rights violations. At the end of last month, Safeguard Defenders made a submission on RSDL to the United Nations Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR) process on China saying that the state has not only failed to take legislative action to stop enforced disappearances, but that the legalisation of RSDL has enabled its expanded used and that of…

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Reports News

New report offers backstage pass to China’s forced TV confessions

Apr 8th, 2018发布

In this ground-breaking report released today, 10 April 2018, Safeguard Defenders exposes the lies and the abuse behind China’s illegal practice of coercing detainees to  confess on television and calls on governments to take steps to pressure China to abandon this practice, and put into place safeguards so that detainees are protected against such abuse in the future. Read press release (PDF) here. Scripted and Staged: Behind the scenes of China’s forced TV confessions uses moving first-person testimonies and in-depth interviews to reveal how confessions are forced and extracted through threats, torture, and fear; how police dictate and direct confessions;…

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Reports News

RSDL round-up for March

Mar 30th, 2018发布

This is a monthly round-up of all news related to Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL) in China. It includes updates on victims, legal developments and commentary on China’s legalized practice of “Enforced Disappearances.”   Appeals for 2 prisoners – Jiang Tianyong & Zhen Jianghua Visiting rights – Yu Wensheng denied & Lee Ming-che granted Activist Xu Qin detained under RSDL Feared police chief made minister of justice National Supervision Commission signed into law Under 40s targeted for RSDL-style camps in Xinjiang Remembering Lawyer Li Baiguang – a spark of fire in our journey through the night   Appeals…

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RSDLmonitor Reports News

Foreigners, torture, and televised confessions: RSDLmonitor launches RSDL prisoner database

Mar 14th, 2018发布

In the first ever database on the use of Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL), initial data shows that many victims were not from mainland China, were forced to appear in a televised confession and reported being subjected to torture. These results come from RSDLmonitor’s long-term project to build up a detailed database on the use of RSDL. It will be used to explore how widely RSDL is being employed and what human rights violations – such as torture and lack of prosecutorial oversight – are being systematically abused. The database has 91 cases so far. For more on…

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Stories Opinion

Why do they add that extra layer of cruelty?

Mar 10th, 2018发布

The most chilling aspect of Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL) is the fact that it’s allowed under the law, according to Chinese independent journalist and writer Zhao Sile (赵思乐) . “This thing is legal. It’s in the Chinese law; it’s too frightening.”   How can you protest something, she asks, when the procedure is legal? “The government can simply answer any criticism with – ‘It’s according to our law.’”   State-sanctioned enforced disappearances are not new in China, but since 2013, the police have the right to disappear someone, hold them in solitary confinement, and deny them access…

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Reports News

RSDL round-up for February

Mar 2nd, 2018发布

This is a monthly round-up of all news related to Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL) in China. It includes updates on victims, legal developments and commentary on China’s legalized practice of “Enforced Disappearances.” Proposal to scrap presidential term limits Lawyer Li Baiguang dies under mysterious circumstances Two human rights reports out Extra-legal detention camps in Xinjiang Liuzhi – RSDL for officials Gui Minhai makes third TV forced confession Lawyer Jiang Tianyong suffers memory loss in jail   Proposal to scrap presidential term limits Of course the biggest news out of China last month was the proposal to scrap…

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Stories People

Kou Yanding: You must get our approval for everything

Feb 26th, 2018发布

Kou Yanding, born in 1965, is a freelance writer, independent documentary filmmaker, and a frontline NGO activist. In 1996, Kou Yanding was fired from her job at a state-owned company after she reported the director for forging invoices. After this, she started working with and running  many different NGOs.  In October 2014, perhaps because of connections with Hong Kong’s Umbrella Revolution, the Chinese authorities detained Kou on suspicions of  “picking quarrels and provoking trouble.” And thus began her 128 days under Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL). She was released on bail on 14 February 2015.  A year and…

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Stories People

Gui Minhai by his friends and family

Feb 19th, 2018发布

  Gui Minhai – the Swedish man now held in secret detention for the second time in China — is usually referred to as a bookseller or a publisher. But Gui is also a father and a friend; a poet and a writer; and a scholar and a businessman. RSDLMonitor has tried to capture the man behind the headlines. The man who remains disappeared by the Chinese state, the man forced to appear in three forced televised confessions and the man who his daughter fears she will never see again. The photo above shows Gui Minhai giving his third forced…

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Reports News

RSDL round-up for January

Feb 2nd, 2018发布

This is a monthly round-up of all news related to Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL) in China. It includes updates on victims, legal developments and commentary on China’s legalized practice of “Enforced Disappearances.”   Yu Wensheng in RSDL The second kidnapping of Gui Minhai Wu Gan appeals sentence In profile — Zhen Jianghua and Wang Quanzhang Travel – Wang Yu’s son and Lee Ming-che’s wife The National Supervision Commissions are coming Lawyers lose licenses – Sui Muqing and Yu Wensheng   Yu Wensheng in RSDL We start with one of the biggest RSDL stories in January, the detention…

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RSDLmonitor Reports People

Submission to UN group on Enforced Disappearances on Yu Wensheng

Feb 1st, 2018发布

On 1 February 2018, RSDLMonitor submitted a communication to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)’s Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances on Chinese lawyer Yu Wensheng (余文生). An edited version of this communication can be found below.   On Yu Wensheng: Yu (male) was born in Beijing, China. He passed the bar exam in 1999, and has been practicing law in Beijing since 2002. Yu rose to prominence within the rights defense community for representing politically sensitive cases, assisting other persecuted lawyers, and for his high-profile advocacy for political reform. On his disappearance: Yu was…

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People Opinion News

The second disappearance of Gui Minhai

Jan 28th, 2018发布

Swedish publisher Gui Minhai has disappeared for the second time in China. On 20 January Gui was travelling by train to Beijing in the company of two Swedish consular staff to seek treatment for a serious medical condition when Chinese police snatched him. Since then China has said nothing. Gui was first kidnapped by Chinese agents in Thailand in October 2015,  held under Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL) and in detention for the next two years. Since October 2017, he has been living under strict police surveillance, but officially “free” in Ningbo in eastern China. This week a…

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Stories People

I slept handcuffed to a chair: Li Fangping recalls his secret detention

Jan 14th, 2018发布

  Li Fangping (李方平), born in 1974, is a prominent human rights lawyer who works for a Beijing law firm. He has represented several high profile clients including imprisoned scholar Ilham Tohti, human rights activist Hu Jia and the blind lawyer, Chen Guangcheng, who now lives in exile in the US. He was also part of a team of lawyers who offered pro bono work to families who were victims of the melamine milk scandal and campaigned to end the hated Re-education Through Labour system. (Photo credit: Li Fangping)   In early 2011, as fears in China grew of a…

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Opinion News

Why is RSDL the most feared type of detention in China?

Jan 11th, 2018发布

Editor of The People’s Republic of the Disappeared, Michael Caster, explains the true horror behind China’s Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL) to The Diplomat.     The Diplomat: The People’s Republic of the Disappeared documents the experiences of Chinese activists (and one Swede) placed into “residential surveillance at a designated location” (RSDL). Several of those who wrote about their experiences for the book say their time in RSDL was worse than any previous treatment they had experienced, whether in legal detention centers or illegal “black jails.” What about RSDL makes it the most feared type of detention in China?  …

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People Opinion News

Wang Quanzhang: The last missing lawyer

Jan 2nd, 2018发布

As we enter 2018, Peter Dahlin, the Swedish rights activist, who was himself a victim of Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location in Beijing in early 2016, writes about his friend and rights lawyer, Wang Quanzhang. More than two and a half years after he was first kidnapped by the Chinese state, Wang still languishes in secret detention. This extract is re-posted here with the kind permission of Hong Kong Free Press, where it was first published. (Image credit: Hong Kong Free Press.)     Some five years ago my friend Wang Quanzhang – China’s last missing lawyer – came…

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Reports News

RSDL round-up for December

Dec 28th, 2017发布

This is a monthly round-up of all news related to Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL) in China. It includes updates on victims, legal developments and commentary on China’s legalized practice of “Enforced Disappearances.”   Verdicts for two more 709 lawyers Wang Quanzhang, the last lawyer left Taiwan NGO worker Lee gets five years Xi proposes new anti-corruption super agency with RSDL powers Hong Kong victims of RSDL Concerns for Liu Xia’s mental state   Verdicts for two more 709 lawyers   On 26 December, the trials of lawyer Xie Yang and human rights activist Wu Gan, two of…

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People News

The disappeared: Accounts from inside China’s secret prisons

Dec 21st, 2017发布

One lawyer, one scholar and one Swedish human rights advocate share the same fate: they were all kidnapped and disappeared by the Chinese state. Locked for weeks and months in secret jails, completely cut off from the world and forced to confess on camera for crimes they did not commit.   Credit: CNN. Sui Muqing (far left), Peter Dahlin, and Chen Taihe.   Earlier this month, CNN reported their stories in the context of Chinese president Xi Jinping’s ramped up crackdown on human rights. This is the story of China’s “legalized” Black Jails.   Watch the video here.   Two…

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Stories People

I didn’t see sunlight for six months

Dec 19th, 2017发布

  Last week we republished extracts from Lawyer Xie Yanyi’s ((谢燕益) record of secret detention under China’s Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL) and originally translated by China Change.   This week, we are staying with Lawyer Xie and posting a link to a rare interview to camera he gave to a BBC journalist in Beijing earlier this year.   Xie was eventually released in January 2017, months later Chinese security still keep Xie’s apartment under surveillance. The BBC had to sneak in the back way.  Of the many 709 lawyers who were persecuted in 2015 and in the…

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RSDLmonitor Reports News

RSDL Resources

Dec 18th, 2017发布

Legal name: Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (or Place); RSDL; and in Chinese, 指定居所监视居住 Well-known victims: Ai Weiwei, Gao Zhisheng, Liu Xiaobo, Wang Yu, the Hong Kong booksellers, Peter Dahlin, Lee Ming-che Related human rights issues: Torture, threats to family, denial of access to  lawyer,  forced medication, sleep and food deprivation, delayed sentencing, forced confessions pre-trial and at trial, secret trial, delayed trial, and non-release release   Legal RSDL in Chinese law (articles 72 to 77 are relevant): ChinaLawTranslate,: Criminal Procedure Law (2012), 8 April 2013 Oversight of RSDL in Chinese law: ChinaLawTranslate: Provisions on People’s Procuratorates’ Oversight of Residential Surveillance…

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Stories People

Starved, beaten, and forcibly medicated: Xie Yanyi’s story of RSDL (part II)

Dec 13th, 2017发布

This is part two of Xie Yanyi’s RSDL story. For part one please click here. Xie Yanyi (谢燕益), is a prominent and outspoken human rights lawyer based in Beijing. He gained notoriety in 2003 when he attempted to sue former Chinese President Jiang Zemin for refusing to quit as Chairman of the Central Military Commission in 2002 when he stepped down as leader. He has represented rights activists and villagers battling illegal land seizures. Xie is also known for publishing articles supporting freedom of speech and democracy for China.   Xie was disappeared along with hundreds of other lawyers and…

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Stories People

Starved, beaten, and forcibly medicated: Xie Yanyi’s story of RSDL (part 1)

Dec 8th, 2017发布

Xie Yanyi (谢燕益) is a prominent and outspoken human rights lawyer based in Beijing. He gained notoriety in 2003 when he attempted to sue former Chinese President Jiang Zemin for staying on as Central Military Commission Chairman after he stepped down from power. He has also represented rights activists and villagers battling illegal land seizures and has published articles supporting freedom of speech and democracy for China.   Xie was disappeared along with hundreds of other lawyers and activists in the “709 Crackdown” in the summer of 2015 and placed under Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location where he was…

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People News

Shining a light onto the abuses of the Chinese state

Dec 5th, 2017发布

6 December 2017 – The main driving force behind this new book of first-person stories of China’s state-sanctioned kidnappings is Michael Caster, a US human rights advocate and researcher. While Michael himself was never detained, he used to work with Swedish rights activist Peter Dahlin, whose own story of abuse under Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL) is detailed in Chapter 5 in The People’s Republic of the Disappeared. The two men ran a legal aid NGO called China Action from Beijing, which helped provide funding and logistical support for barefoot lawyers.   Here Michael explains why he thinks…

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Reports News

Chinese edition of the book now out, what the media have been saying

Nov 30th, 2017发布

Updated 2 January 2018. Two weeks after its launch in English, the Chinese language edition of The People’s Republic of the Disappeared was published for the first time today. The Chinese edition is available from this website in PDF and MOBI versions, for free, and also as paperback for U.S, U.K., Europe and more at Amazon.   The People’s Republic of the Disappeared, with a foreword by Dr. Teng Biao, provides a comprehensive and chilling portrait of Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL) through the first-person accounts of 11 of its victims.   The English language edition is aimed at a…

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Stories People

My endless nightmare

Nov 26th, 2017发布

Wang Yu, female, born 1971 in Inner Mongolia, is one of China’s most respected human rights lawyers. In the middle of the night, on 9 July 2015, Wang was abducted from her home in Beijing. Her sudden disappearance in the middle of the night sparked what would become the “709 Crackdown.” It was 8 July 2015, shortly after 11pm. I had just said goodbye to my son [Bao Zhuoxuan], who was heading to Australia for study, and my husband [Bao Longjun [Chapter 11], who was accompanying him. Initially I had been planning to go with them to the airport, but…

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People News

Meet the people in The People’s Republic of the Disappeared

Nov 26th, 2017发布

The 11 people who have shared their stories in this book have done so at considerable risk to themselves, many others have faced reprisals from the Chinese state for speaking out in the past. It has also been painful for them to relive the horrors of their experience. They have made this sacrifice because there is a real need to expose the grave human rights violation of China’s “legalized” system of enforced disappearances, or Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location. And also to empower the inevitable future victims. These people are mothers and fathers, lawyers and activists, boyfriends and girlfriends.…

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Reports News

Book Launch: THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF THE DISAPPEARED

Nov 14th, 2017发布

14 November 2017 – Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL) is China’s attempt to mask its systematic use of enforced disappearances of human rights defenders behind the veneer of the rule of law. Under RSDL, the state can take anyone, deny them access to a lawyer, and refuse the outside world any information about their fate or whereabouts for up to six months. The state Prosecutor is even denied the right to visit the victim or provide oversight against maltreatment. Torture is common. There is no legal review or appeal. Once inside RSDL, you simply disappear. “You are now…

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